Featured collection:
Floyd and Ada Jane Schultz Collection


Floyd Schultz was born in Texas in 1881, but grew up in Junction City, Kansas, where his father was stationed at Fort Riley, Kansas. His interests in history and Native Americans began in childhood and continued throughout his adult life. He began collecting artifacts from local archaeological sites in the 1920s and excavated many sites in the lower valley of the Republican River, primarily in Clay and Geary counties, Kansas. During the 1930s and 1940s, he became interested in living Native American culture, especially that of the Prairie Band of the Potawatomi, who were then living on a reservation in Jackson county, Kansas.

Floyd’s interests, enhanced by the support of his first wife, Adah Jane, and of his second wife, Marguerite, resulted in the recovery and documentation of over 3000 archaeological artifacts, and in his creation of documentary films of various Potawatomi activities. In 1948, Floyd Schultz donated his extensive archaeological collection, and its associated field notes and maps, to the University of Kansas. Following his death in 1951, his widow, Marguerite, donated the associated documentary films and ethnographic records to the University of Kansas.

Collections The archaeological collections size is estimated at 1.5 million artifacts.  Given the nature of archaeological assemblages, which often include thousands of pieces of debitage, fragmented animal bone, and large amounts of wood charcoal, it is difficult to establish a precise count.

Instead, the estimate provides a good measure of the 5,500 cubic feet of artifact collections and associated records.  These collections comprise one of the largest of prehistoric and historic artifacts within the state of Kansas and include some of the best North American Central Plains systematic materials from late Paleoindian, Archaic, and Kansas City Hopewell sites.


Archaeology Policies

Archaeology policies guide loans of material, access, acquisitions, and destructive analysis. These policies are meant to encourage appropriate access to and use of collections and associated documentation, while maintaining good stewardship.  The management of the archaeological collections is designed to ensure that the artifacts entrusted to Archaeology’s care are available for research and for the enrichment and education of the public today and into the future.